Henryk Arctowski Polish Antarctic Station
King George Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica Peninsula:
The station is named for Henryk Arctowski (1871-1959), who as meteorologist had accompanied the Belgian explorer Baron Adrien de Gerlache on the Belgian Antarctic Expedition "Belgica", 1897-1899. This was the first expedition to overwinter in Antarctica. He proposed the original notion of a wind chill factor, arguing that wind could be as damaging to human flesh as cold in harsh climates.
Established on 26 February 1977, the station is managed by the Polish Academy of Sciences; its main research areas include marine biology, oceanography, geology, geomorphology, glaciology, meteorology, climatology, seismology, magnetism and ecology.
Because it is readily accessible, and the Polish staffers are friendly, it is one of the most-visited scientific stations in Antarctica. A greenhouse provides fresh vegetables. The beaches near the station have numerous whale bones, relics of the time when the site was used to process whales killed nearby.
The station is near colonies of three different types of Pygoscelis penguins (Adelies, chinstraps, and gentoos), and has been designated a site of Special Scientific Interest (SSI) as provided by the Antarctic Treaty. (Source: Wikipedia)
The Star Princess' cruise through Antarctica included a 4 hour stop in the South Shetland Islands and a visit by six Polish scientists. That's them in the Zodiak as they approached the ship. After coming aboard, they presented a program about their research which included weather, marine biology, etc. They were most appreciative of the lavish lunch and even more of the hot showers each took advantage of while on board. It seems that long hot showers are few and far between in Antarctica.
I just admire scientists who seek answers and go to the limit to find them.
The ship was welcomed by a group of Gentoo penguins but I'll save that for tomorrow.